On this page
you can find all you need to know about monuments in Madrid.
A comprehensive list of places to see in Madrid, in chronological order.
Please click on any
thumbnail photo for a larger view.
The Madrid city walls
de la Vega, s/n.
we can see the remains of the old Arab walls that surrounded the settlement of Magerit.
The first enclosure shows Islamic remains from the 9th and 10th centuries, while the
second enclosure is Christian and dates from the 12th and 13th centuries.
Click for more
and Torre de los Lujanes
Plaza de la Villa, s/n
The Torre de los Lujanes is the oldest
construction in this plaza, dating from the early 15th century. The mudejan style tower
and two portals are what remains of the former palace which was used to keep captive
Francis I of France after the Battle of Pavia in Italy in 1525. The house was renovated in
More info here...
Church of San Nicolás de los Servitas
San Nicolás, 1
15th century church has a central gothic apse and a 12th century mudejan style tower.
More info here...
Church of San Pedro el Grande
church dates from the 15th century, but the mudejan tower is a century older. The interior
of the church was renovated in the 18th century.
Capilla del Obispo
de la Paja, 9
literally, the Bishop's Chapel, this is Madrid's only gothic temple, built with the
parochial Church of San Andrés in 1535. The altarpiece and main portal are from the
de la Villa, 4
Originally a plateresque palace constructed
in 1537 for the Cardinal Cisneros, this marvellous building was recently restored by Luis
Bellido and today houses various Town Hall departments, although Madrid's
Ayuntamiento now has its headquarters in the Palacio de Comunicaciones in
Plaza Cibeles. The
previous Town Hall building (Casa de la Villa) is joined to
this building by an interior passageway forming a bridge.
de la Panadería
Named after the bakery it replaced, the
construction of this building and its colourful facade of frescos was initiated in 1590,
although it was changed in 1617 and restored in 1790 after a major fire in the plaza.
de las Siete Chimeneas
del Rey, 1
literally the House of the Seven Chimneys, this old palace was built in 1577, although it
has suffered numerous extensions and other changes. The Marques of Esquilache was living
here when the popular rising of the same name started.
Cloisters of San Jerónimo el Real
Catholic Kings (Isabel & Fernando) ordered this church built in the 15th century. It
was practically destroyed during the War of Independence and restored by order of Isabel
de las Descalzas Reales
Descalzas Reales, 1
monastery has a plateresque façade and was built between 1559 and 1564. It possesses a
magnificent renaissance stairway and an important art collection.
bridge was built in 1582 and is formed by 9 half-point arches and great blocks of stone
de la Villa
de la Villa, 5
This Town Hall building was designed by Juan
Gómez de Mora in 1640, although other architects such as José de Villarreal, Teodoro
Ardemans, Juan de Villanueva and Luis Bellido have also worked on its construction,
adding, for example, shields, a neoclassic column and the baroque portal. The
façade in Calle Mayor was terminated in 1787.
de las Trinitarias Descalzas
Lope de Vega, 18
convent was built between 1673 and 1688 in a very austere style.
of San Antonio de los Alemanes
Baja de San Pablo, 18
between 1624 and 1633, in an elliptic form, it possesses important frescos representing
scenes from the life of St. Anthony.
of San Ginés
church's current structure is due to the the construction work and later renovation of
1645. The dome and naves were further reformed in the 18th century after being destroyed
in a fire. More info...
of San Isidro el Real
Toledo, 37 & 39
on this church began in 1622 and lasted until 1661. It was restored in the years 1767 -
1769. This church served as Madrid's cathedral for many years up until the inauguration of
the Almudena Cathedral.
in 1653, this palace was reformed in 1844 to the original style, after being acquired by
the Duke of Abrantes. More info...
de Santa Cruz
de la Provincia, 1
between 1629 and 1643, this palace originally served as a prison. The building was
extended in 1940 and currently houses the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerio de
Asuntos Exteriores). More info...
mansion is typical of Spanish aristocracy houses of the 17th and 18th century. It was constructed
between the years of 1612 and 1618. More info...
This majestic square was originally planned
by Felipe II and his architect Juan de Herrera, but was inaugurated in1 620 during Felipe III's reign, whose statue sits proud in the very centre of the square. Juan Gómez de Mora
gave it its rectangular form, and after it had suffered three fires Juan de Villanova
completed the work in 1853 by joining the four sides. The square has been called Plaza
Mayor since the 15th century, but was built on the site of the old Plaza del Arrabal and
served as a market square until the late 19th century. (Also see our main
Monasterio de la Encarnación
de la Encarnación, s/n
monastery is the work of Juan Gómez de la Mora and was built between 1611 and 1616. The
original form of the construction has given name to this architectural style -
"Madrileño baroque". The interior was renovated over a 12 year period starting
in 1755 and contains several paintings and sculptures as well as exceptional works in
de San Francisco el Grande
San Francisco el Grande, s/n
between 1761 and 1768, it possesses a great dome of 33 metres diameter and contains 6 side
chapels apart from the main one. It has a neo-classical façade and maintains an important
art collection with works by Goya, Claudio Coello and Zurburán amongst others.
de San Miguel
San Justo, 4
façade is divided in two and shows several religious representations. It was built
between 1739 and 1746.
de Comercio e Industria
Chamber of Commerce was originally the residence of the Duke and Duchess of Santoña. It
was built in 1734 and restored in 1876.
del Conde Duque
Conde Duque, 9
as an army barracks between 1714 and 1720, this building has a splendid baroque portal. In
the present day its patio is often used for open air concerts.
de la Virgen del Puerto
Virgen del Puerto, s/n
small church was one of the first works by Pedro de Ribera and was built in 1718.
de San Antonio de la Florida
San Antonio de la Florida, 3
between 1792 and 1798 in neo-classic style and in the shape of a Greek cross with dome.
Inside, you can find some magnificent Goya frescos.
This statue was originally placed to one
side of the square and is the work of Ventura Rodríguez in 1781. It has been changed
several times since the original work and represents the Goddess of fertility, earth and
harvests on a lion-pulled chariot. More...
Cánovas del Castillo, s/n
statue is the work of Juan de Mena based on drawings by Ventura Rodríguez. It represents
Neptune on a shell-shaped chariot pulled by sea-horses.
neo-classical building was constructed in 1769 and has a Romanesque façade and splendid
stairway. It currently houses the Ministry of Economy.
in 1777 and extended in 1780, this mansion is formed by two galleries around a central
de la Comunidad de Madrid
Puerta del Sol, 7
known as the "Casa de Correos", the original headquarters of the Post Office, it
was built between 1766 and 1768. Now the head quarters of the Community of Madrid's
Autonomous Government, outside of which is a stone slab on the pavement marking Kilometre
Zero - the official starting point for Spain's 6 National Roads. More...
Also see our main Royal Palace page. The
Royal Palace was built on the site of the old Alcázar, the moorish castle destroyed by
fire in 1734. Juan Bautista Sacchetti initiated the project in 1737 and Francisco Sabatini
and Ventura Rodríguez terminated the works. It is surrounded by the beautiful Sabatini
and Campo del Moro parks. The palace itself contains furniture, tapestries, paintings and
ceramics as well as other important works of art and frescos by Tiépolo.
Take a guided tour of the Royal Palace.
Marqués de Vadillo, s/n
construction of this baroque style bridge was ordered by Felipe V and carried out between
1719 and 1724 by Pedro de Ribera. The round turret style pillars give the impression of a
de la Independencia, s/n
in 1778 to commemorate Carlos III's arrival in Madrid, the construction project was
undertaken by Sabatini. This bridge is built of granite and limestone. More...
Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
be found inside the baroque Goyeneche palace, built by Churrigera in 1724 and renovated in
1773 by Villanueva in neo-classic style.
Bárbara de Braganza, 1
temple and convent was originally intended as a pantheon for Fernando VI and Bárbara of
Braganza. Of baroque style in its structure and rococo en its decoration.
Banco de España
Bank of Spain was built between 1884 and 1891 on the site of the primitive Palacio de
Alcañices. It contains an important collection of paintings. More...
palace was built between 1845 and 1858 as a residence for the Marques of Salamanca.
Nacional & Museo Arqueológico Nacional
Calle Serrano, 13
National Library and Archaeology Museum are housed in this neo-classic building whose
construction work was initiated in 1866, but then delayed until restarting in 1874. The
original construction project was by Francisco Jareño y Alarcóm.
del Buen Retiro
Alfonso XII, 28
building was originally constructed as a dance hall and reformed in 1981 to house
Picasso's Guernica (now in the
Reina Sofia museum).
de Santa María la Real de la Almudena
Madrid's cathedral was designed in 1879 by
the Marques of Cubas in neo-gothic style and has a Romanesque crypt. The construction work
was delayed until renewed in 1946 by the architects Carlos Sidro and Fernando Chueca
Goitia in a neo-baroque style that covered the already built neo-gothic part. The work was
finally terminated in 1993 and the Cathedral was consecrated by Pope John Paul II on the
15th June, 1993.
Reina Cristina, s/n
emblematic train station was Madrid's first and was inaugurated in 1851 by Queen Isabel
II. Destroyed later by fire, the new station was opened in 1892 and is formed by a large
steel curved building, closed off by lead-lined glass.
Duque de Fernán Nuñez, s/n - Retiro Park
Crystal Palace in the Retiro was built, naturally, of glass and steel in 1887 to hold the
Exhibition, a show of exotic plants. More info...
del Congreso de los Diputados
Houses of Parliament were built in 1843 following the style of a renaissance palace, to
which the large neo-classic portal was added later.
mansion, with its French influence, was built in 1872 and has been renovated recently by
Carlos Puente. It currently houses the Casa de América.
Marina Española, 8
in renaissance style in 1835, this building houses the Spanish Senate.
Duque de Fernán Nuñez, s/n - Retiro Park
constructed to house a mining exhibition in 1883, the façade has an enormous porch with
classical elements and ceramic decorations.
Click for more info...
del Prado, 8
López Aguado built this mansion in 1805. However, the building is far more famous now for
housing the Thyssen-Bornemisza art collection.
Plaza de Oriente
front of the Royal Palace)
The construction work of this large square
between the Royal Palace and the Royal Theatre finalised in 1850. It has recently been
totally renovated, with expansive pedestrian areas.
most famous of squares is popularly known as "Spain's belly button". It owes its
current form to the major renovation work carried out between 1854 and 1860. See our
Puerta del Sol page for more details. Or click
here for hotels and apartments near the Puerta del Sol
Puerta de Toledo, s/n
in 1827 to commemorate the return of Fernando VII after the War of Independence. Of
neo-classic style, it possesses two smaller arches surrounding the great central
Academia Española de la Lengua
Felipe IV, 4
building, of neo Greek classic style, was built between 1891 and 1894 and houses the
official Spanish Language Academy. It has a splendid façade and porch.
de la Zarzuela
Scala of Milan was used as a model for the construction of this theatre of popular Spanish
opera in 1856.
Isabel II, s/n
Royal Theatre was constructed on the site of the old Caños del Peral Theatre. The work
began in 1818 and was completed in 1850. Throughout its existence, it has suffered many
renovations, the last of which was completed in 1997.
Hospital de Jornaleros
old hospital was designed by Antonio Palacios and constructed between 1909 and 1918.
is a large commercial complex located to one side of the Paseo de la Castellana in the
north of the city. Banks, shops and offices surround the impressive
Torre Picasso, a
150m tall white tower with 46 floors designed by the Japanese architect Minoru
was the first tall building of any sort in Madrid and was completed in 1920 by Ignacio de
Cardena based on initial architectonic work by Lewis Weelk. The New York influence is
of San Miguel & San Benito
in 1902 by Francisco Arbós y Tremantí and inspired in Byzantine architecture, the most
notable aspect is its colourful façade.
absolutely splendid building currently houses the main Post Office and was built by
Antonio Palacios at the beginning of the 20th century.
de Castilla, s/n
the popular name of the KIO towers, these twin towers at the north end of the Paseo de la
Castellana lean in to each other significantly marking the Madrid skyline. More...
General de Autores
Fernando VI, 4
well-known banker Longoria ordered this building constructed - its one of the best
examples of modernist style in Madrid, its façade decorated with floral motifs.
Pintor Rosales, s/n
in this section, because it was erected in Madrid in the 1960's, otherwise it would have been
covered by the waters of the Aswan dam. However, the original structure was built in the
2nd century B.C. close to the island of Philae.
Alcalde Sainz de Baranda, 92
known as the "Piruli" or lollipop, this is a communication tower built in 1981.
220m tall, it is topped by a large radio and TV antennae.
Cuatro Torres Business Area España
Paseo de la Castellana
The four towers located in this area were actually built in the 21st
Century, and are currently Spain's tallest buildings.